The Knowledge, the boiling Sun, the Sacred Goat, the Day and much more, all in one Zeus

 The names origin and the functions of  the ancient Gods have been always a debatable issue among the linguists, especially because they are related with nacionalistic feeling and the delicate problem of the different people’s religions.

 Let’s analyze some of them.

The God is seen from different cultures as the following:

The God is seen from different cultures as the following:

  1.        Semitic model :God is One and Alone. He, the sole, singular God, is an unknown and unknowable Divine Person, Who Wills good and evil alike (cf. Judaism & Islam) ;
  2.        “””Greek”” model :God is a Principle of principles, the best of the best (Plato), the unmoved mover (Aristotle), the One even ecstasy does not reveal, impersonal and in no way evil or tainted by absence or privation of being (Plotinus), the First Intellect (Ibn Sina), a “God of the philosophers” (Whitehead). This abstract God figures in intellectual theologies, humanism & atheism. In the latter, by the “alpha privativum” of the Divine, as in a-theism, an absolute term is produced, but this time by negation instead of by affirmation. God is reduced to an abstract & absolute “no-absolute”. But for the Greek populace, the deities are anthropomorphic and display a variety of human passions and interests ;
  3.        Christian model : God is One essence in Three Persons : God the Father revealed by God’s incarnated Son, Jesus Christ, because, in and with God the Deifying Holy Spirit (either only from the Father, as in the Orthodox East, or from both Father and Son, as in the West). A God of Love, never impersonal, always without evil (pure of heart) and sole cause of goodness (Christianity) ;

     4.  Oriental model :God, The All, is One sheer Being present in every part of creation in terms of a manifold of  impersonal & personal Divine Self-manifestations (theophanies or modes of the One), as we see in Ancient Egypt, Alexandrian Hermetism, Hinduism (Vedanta), Jainism, Buddhism, Taoism and Hermeticism



The God in any religion is called the most KNOWLEDGEABLE. In Ancient “”Greece”” DIA(ZEUS) was the most powerful God because of that: his/her Knowledge.

English (6 entries.)
  Shqip (6 hyrje.) (ALBANIAN)
 know (p.t., p.p. knew, known)
  di (kr. thj., pj. dita, ditur), e di
English (2 entries.)
  Shqip (2 hyrje.)
  dije {f} ( dija)

In Ancient “”Greece””  AMALTHEIA(Αμαλθεια) or AMALTHIA (Αμαλθια) was the she-goat

  . ..τὴν μέν τε λόγος Διὶ μαζὸν ἐπισχεῖν… 

(or, according to some, Nymph ) nurse of the god Zeus who nourished him with her milk in a cave on Mount Ida in Krete .


Standard form Tosk form Gheg form Translation
është është âsht /osht/ â is


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