The Knowledge, the boiling Sun, the Sacred Goat, the Day and much more, all in one Zeus

 The names origin and the functions of  the ancient Gods have been always a debatable issue among the linguists, especially because they are related with nacionalistic feeling and the delicate problem of the different people’s religions.

 Let’s analyze some of them.

The God is seen from different cultures as the following:

The God is seen from different cultures as the following:

  1.        Semitic model :God is One and Alone. He, the sole, singular God, is an unknown and unknowable Divine Person, Who Wills good and evil alike (cf. Judaism & Islam) ;
  2.        “””Greek”” model :God is a Principle of principles, the best of the best (Plato), the unmoved mover (Aristotle), the One even ecstasy does not reveal, impersonal and in no way evil or tainted by absence or privation of being (Plotinus), the First Intellect (Ibn Sina), a “God of the philosophers” (Whitehead). This abstract God figures in intellectual theologies, humanism & atheism. In the latter, by the “alpha privativum” of the Divine, as in a-theism, an absolute term is produced, but this time by negation instead of by affirmation. God is reduced to an abstract & absolute “no-absolute”. But for the Greek populace, the deities are anthropomorphic and display a variety of human passions and interests ;
  3.        Christian model : God is One essence in Three Persons : God the Father revealed by God’s incarnated Son, Jesus Christ, because, in and with God the Deifying Holy Spirit (either only from the Father, as in the Orthodox East, or from both Father and Son, as in the West). A God of Love, never impersonal, always without evil (pure of heart) and sole cause of goodness (Christianity) ;

     4.  Oriental model :God, The All, is One sheer Being present in every part of creation in terms of a manifold of  impersonal & personal Divine Self-manifestations (theophanies or modes of the One), as we see in Ancient Egypt, Alexandrian Hermetism, Hinduism (Vedanta), Jainism, Buddhism, Taoism and Hermeticism



The God in any religion is called the most KNOWLEDGEABLE. In Ancient “”Greece”” DIA(ZEUS) was the most powerful God because of that: his/her Knowledge.

English (6 entries.)
  Shqip (6 hyrje.) (ALBANIAN)
 know (p.t., p.p. knew, known)
  di (kr. thj., pj. dita, ditur), e di
English (2 entries.)
  Shqip (2 hyrje.)
  dije {f} ( dija)

In Ancient “”Greece””  AMALTHEIA(Αμαλθεια) or AMALTHIA (Αμαλθια) was the she-goat

  . ..τὴν μέν τε λόγος Διὶ μαζὸν ἐπισχεῖν… 

(or, according to some, Nymph ) nurse of the god Zeus who nourished him with her milk in a cave on Mount Ida in Krete .


Standard form Tosk form Gheg form Translation
është është âsht /osht/ â is


English (6 entries.)
  Shqip (6 hyrje.) (ALBANIAN)
  mal {m} (tr. shq. mali, shumës male)


English (Only one entry.)
  Shqip (Vetëm një hyrje.)(ALBANIAN)
  dhi {f} tr. shq. dhia

She is the mountain goat.


The Zeus himself was called Δία–Dhia

Zeus’ attributes are the eagle (king of birds; Zeus’ messenger) and lightning.

Homer’s Iliad calls him “Zeus who thunders on high” and  “the Thunderer,

Δία δ’ οὐ λάθε τερπικέραυνον*:



Now let’s see where is this place where ZEU ‘exhales’ his ‘anger’.

At the north the region begins with the Acroceraunian mountains, (which the Roman poet Horace mentioned as “infames scopulos Acroceraunia”). Then from the Llogara national park(ALBANIA) the “thunderbolts mountains” (locally called malet e vetetimes) (Iapygie ou Iapourie[malet e laberisë]-Pouqueville).



KERAUNE=ke + ra(u)ne~qe rane=qe rane(bien) vetetimat(rrufete).


 Albanian flag with Zeus the thunderer

 The bird in the middle is a EAGLE.

He [Zeus] made him the eagle  king of all birds and gave him the task of guarding his sacred sceptre.


 Above Albanian flag the helmet of Scanderbeg-Pyrrhus-Alexander all carrying the symbol of sacred GOAT of ZEUS, and Albanian flag with twoheaded Eagle symbol of Zeus (east-west)

 Zeus has been at all the times simbolizing the SUN and  the Indo-European ancestor of Zeus was a God of the bright daytime sky *Dieuo and *deiuo (”the day time, a shining sky”) or a sunny day. 



English (Only one entry.)   Shqip (Vetëm një hyrje.)(ALBANIAN)
  sun   diell {m}


DIELLI in Albanian means sun, ZEUS and SUN



 English (5 entries.)
  Shqip (5 hyrje.)
  ditë {f} (tr. shq. dita, shumës ditë)

 The knowledge is definetely related to the word ‘day’ or ‘light’ and the source of it is the ’sun’ which burns. The opposite of it the ignorance is related with the ‘dark’ and the ‘night’.

dija (knowledge)- dita(day) –drita(light)–dielli(sun)–digjet(burns)


Homer, Iliad 16.200


Ζεῦ ἄνα* Δωδωναῖε Πελασγικὲ τηλόθι ναίων

Δωδώνης μεδέων δυσχειμέρου*, ἀμφὶ δὲ Σελλοὶ

σοὶ ναίουσ’ ὑποφῆται ἀνιπτόποδες χαμαιεῦναι**,

ἠμὲν δή ποτ’ ἐμὸν ἔπος ἔκλυες εὐξαμένοιο*,

τίμησας μὲν ἐμέ, μέγα δ’ ἴψαο λαὸν Ἀχαιῶν,

ἠδ’ ἔτι καὶ νῦν μοι τόδ’ ἐπικρήηνον ἐέλδωρ:

αὐτὸς μὲν γὰρ ἐγὼ μενέω νηῶν ἐν ἀγῶνι**,

ἀλλ’ ἕταρον πέμπω πολέσιν μετὰ Μυρμιδόνεσσι

“Zeus, king, lord of Dodona, Pelasgian,
you who live far off, ruling cold Dodona,
around whom live the Selli, your prophets, 280
with unwashed feet, who sleep upon the ground,
you heard me when I prayed to you before.
You gave me honour then by striking hard
at the Achaean army. So grant me now
what I still desire. I intend to stay
beside this group of ships, but I’m sending out
my comrade and my many Myrmidons. [240]

In Homer we meet the noun Zeus in its nominal  O Ζεῦ~zeu


English (4 entries.)
Shqip (4 hyrje.)(Albanian)
boil (verb)
boils (he)
ziej (kr. thj., pj. zieva, zier)
zien (ai)


 Zeus is a comletely unusual noun in “Greek”, having both a stem Zn–(as in the philosopher Zeno‘s name) and a stem Di– (earlier Diw–). In the Iliad prayers to Zeus begin with the vocative form Zeu pater, “ Comparative philology has revealed that the “sky” word refers specifically to the bright daytime sky, as it is derived from the root meaning “to shine.” This root also shows up in “”Latin””(which in fact is ALBANIAN (dita) dis “day,” borrowed into English in words like diurnal. Closely related to these words is Indo-European *deiwos “god,” which shows up, among other places, in the name of the Old English god Tiw in Modern English Tuesday, “Tiw’s day.” *Deiwos is also the source of Latin dvus “pertaining to the gods,” whence English divine and the Italian operatic diva, and deus, “god,” whence deity.

The truth is that ἄνα in Albanian is very similar to nana which means mother(nënë~nana) or ama.

English (6 entries.)
  Shqip (6 hyrje.)
  nënë {f}
  mami {m} (tr. shq. mami), mama {f}
  amë {f}, ëmë {f}, mëmë {f}

 I strongly beleive that the pre-Dorian ZEUS has been a Goddes called DIONE-Diônê

Dione was described as “the temple associate” of Zeus at Dodona.


 Zeus in Pelasgian Mythology was a female and Achiles in his prayer made to Zeus was beging the female GOD :  Goddess  DIA .



Homer mentions in the Odyssey an oracle delivered by Apollo upon Parnassus. Besides it must be observed, that at the epoch when the temple of Delphi was founded,, the new cult, presented to the Greeks under the name of the universal Olen, tended to unite Apollo and Diana, or the sun and the moon, under the same symbolic figure, and to make of it only one and the same object of adoration, under the name of Œtolinos, that is to say, Sun-moon

Delphi is in fact the temple of the Sunrise and the Sunset of the SUN(APOLLO) (orienting its axis to align with midsummer sunrise and midwinter sunset) which in Albanian is :


After the vowel treatment and other ethymological work we have

DELPHOI~ del+phoi ~del+boi ~ del+bi

Del (alb)—-sunrise

bi(e)~bi ( alb)—–sunset

Apollo is often confused with Zeus about the priviledge of being the SUN-GOD.

We already know about an island called DEL-os in cyclades Greece which is called “THE ISLAND OF THE SUN”.
The island of Delos (Greek: Δήλος, Dhilos), isolated in the centre of the roughly circular ring of islands called the Cyclades, near Mykonos, is one of the most important mythological, historical and archaeological sites in Greece.


The island is famous for the great numbers of sun-days during the year.

Delos, in Ancient Greek, means clear, brought to light. The beautiful myth states that, Delos, the island of sun, appeared from Amid waves when Leto, who was being pursued by Hera, took refuge there and brought Apollo and Artemis into the world.

The birth of Apollo, the god of sun, on this island, is undoubtedly related to the morphology of Delos.


in greek the word is (h)eli(os)[ήλιος], in albanian (d)ielli basicly the same root.
Apollo was the god of the clear light and the sun.


Also every albanian knows that we have the word ylli=the star is very similar to ‘ilios’(h^elios) which is the Greek word for the sun.

In Greek mythology the sun was personified as Helios (pronounced /ˈhiliˌɑs/) (Greek: Ἣλιος,)

English (3 entries.)
  Shqip (3 hyrje.)
  star (noun)
  yll {m} (tr. shq. ylli, shumës yje)

All the above Gods in Albanian were called HYJNI which derives from YJE~stars

English (2 entries.)
  Shqip (2 hyrje.)
hyjni (shumës hyjni), hy {m} (tr. shq. hyu, shumës hyj)

 We all know that the sun is a normal star but differently to the night stars it is seen as the DAY STAR which in Albanian is DIELLI=DI(day)+ELLI(star).

Few paragraphs above we explained that the name DEL-os which is the place where Apollo was ‘borned’ derives from Albanian verb Del (third person),which describes the SUNRISE

 English (Only one entry.)
  Shqip (Vetëm një hyrje.)
  arise (p.t., p.p. arose, arisen)
  dal (kr. thj., pj. dola, dalë)

But in Albanian we have another synonim which shows the Sun rising- Dielli lind

English (3 entries.)
  Shqip (3 hyrje.)
  give birth
  lind, pjell (kr. thj., pj. polla, pjellë)

the Albanian verb lind(the sun){le} is also a possible suggested root of the noun ( Έλλην [ˈelin] Greek  which literally means people of the sun.


lind and pjell (p.t polla, polli ) are synonims to each-other. This last one is the root of the noun APOLLO.

So APOLLO in Albanian means: He who always arises or is borned. This “primitive” meaning which describes the ‘life’ of the sun who ‘dies’ in the evening, and rises (lind-poll) in the morning is very beautiful. It is a good example that the history has not died in the ’shadow’ of mount Athos but it is reborned like the sun by the help of the knowledge and our wish for not forgeting the past because we dont want to loose the future. By the way the English verb born derives from Albanian verb bo ( participle borë ) which is gheg dialect of the official bëj,

English (91 entries.)
  Shqip (91 hyrje.)
  do (p.t., p.p. did, done)
  bëj (kr. thj., pj. bëra, bërë)
  make (p.t., p.p. made)
  bëj (kr. thj., pj. bëra, bërë)

which is another synonim for the verb lind=born.


4 Responses to The Knowledge, the boiling Sun, the Sacred Goat, the Day and much more, all in one Zeus

  1. edimehana says:

    I want to halp you my friend about the origin of name ZEUS. in the europe we had 4 elements.
    4 elements:
    english albanian
    1 fire 1 zjarri
    2 wind 2 era
    3 water 3 uji
    4 dust 4 sterrpa (dheu)

    Z-jarr fire
    E-ra wind
    U-ji water
    S-terrpa dust

    this is 4 element wich Zeus has power and kingdom on it….

  2. I wouldn’t have stopped blogging if I were you. Though your formatting needs improvement, your etymological extrapolation is brilliant, or if you will, burningly passionate.

  3. Great This article shows everything about Albanians Thankyou.

  4. elton xhepa says:

    Ne fillim do te doja t’ju falenderoja dhe pergezoja per punen qe beni dhe dua te them se eshte perfekte dhe e mir motivuar. Ju lumte. Persa i perket perendeshes Dione(greqisht) dhe une personalisht jam teper i sigurte qe adhurohej si perendeshe femer te cilen studjuesit e identifikojne si ana femerore e Zeus. Studiues te ndryshem jane te bindur se ne origjine, ne orakullin e Dodones adhurohej perendesha e madhe, “Ama Zonje(grande dea, goddess mother) dhe identifikohet pikerisht me Dione. Emri i Dione eshte e identifikuar nga Lineari B “diwia, di-wi-ja, di-u-ja” qe ka pikerisht kuptimin e qiellit te ndritur(daytime sky), dhe dihet qe qielli i ndritur(dita) eshte nje fenomen qe shkaktohet nga drita e diellit dhe gjithashtu dime qe dielli eshte nje yll qe duket diten >>>dì-ell = drita e yllit (sikunder e keni shpjeguar). Ne dialektin geg verilindje per Yll kemi dhe termat “UJ/UJA(trajte e shquar femerore), UVILL”. Ne kete menyre kemi: DIUJ/DIUJA = DIELL = DRITA E YLLIT, dhe eshte e njejte me linearin B, “DI-U-JA” = QIELLI I NDRITUR. Perendesha Dione, ne nje shoqeri patriarkale humbet rendesine e saj dhe zevendesohet nga Zeu Pater (Ati Zot) ne te gjitha drejtimet, dhe jam i bindur se emrin Dia i referohet DIone dhe jo Zeus, qe per mendimin tim do te thote ZE, ZERI, ZA(s), ZAN, ZONE, dhe jane pikerisht kta terma qe ne antikitet i referohen Zeus. Termi Zeus perputhet dhe me funksionin e tempullit te dodones ku pelegrinet shkojne per te degjuar “vullnetin e Zotit i cili manifestohej nepermjet fershellimes se gjetheve te lisit(peme e shenjte per Dione), tingujve te tubave o zileve te bronxit, cicerimave te ZOgjve dhe zerit te pakuptushem te priftereshave ne trans. Gjithashtu eshte nga Zeri(Zeus) marrin funksionin e tyre perendesha Themis dhe “gjykatsit” Themistes, dhe si perfundim , ne te gjitha kulturat antike, Universi krijohet nga Zeri(tingulli) Primordial. Gjithashtu dhe Afrodite e bija e Dione dhe Zeus quhej ndryshe Dionea ose Dione…dmth, “DI-U-JA” = dritae yllit sepse Afrodite ishte ylli i mengjesit(planeti aferdita) qe lajmeron “afrimin e dites”.


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